GERMAN STUDY GUIDE
Germany is the most peaceful country according to global peace index which ranks it on 15th position better many European countries which makes it a preferable destination for foreign students who intend to pursue higher studies abroad. Germany is a strong nation in terms of economy and education. This nation has produced and is still producing a number of famous scientists, inventors, philosophers, geographers, musicians, composers, etc. It is a country that offers immense scope of development with respect to educational and professional qualifications. Germany’s higher education institutions enjoy an excellent reputation. Teaching and research provide key impulses for innovation and progress. The German institutions have state-of-the art equipments and labs to provide students with the best conditions for excellent studies.
The landscape of Germany’s higher education is very diverse and varied. It offers thousands of degree programmes, more than 300 institutions and lots of different credentials and degrees. This implies that you can choose a programme that caters to your needs from among the vast variety of courses offered by this country. You can take a research-oriented programme at a Universitat (university) or a more practice-focused course at a Fachhochschule which is university of applied sciences or an artistic programme at one of the Kunst-, Film-, or Musikhochschulen (colleges of art, film or music). Many programmes and subjects are offered by all three types of institutions, which widens your choice even further. IF you already hold a degree, then you can choose to enter a postgraduate or doctoral programme for advanced qualifications.
Why to Study in Germany?
The universities of Germany hold the positions of world’s top six educational institutes out of 100 universities. Most importantly the courses offered in Germany are easily affordable by citizens of other countries also. The inclusion of the oldest of the universities of Germany in the list of top universities around the globe bears a testament to the high quality education that is imparted here. Institutions like Heidelberg University, Leipzig University, Rostock University, LMU Munich, etc. are some of the oldest and the best regarded institutes of this country.
The general entrance requirement for university is Abitur. It is a qualification which is based on the continuous assessment of the candidates’ performance in the last few years of his school and in his final examinations. However, this is not a uniform criterion for the entire federal area. All the 16 states of this nation have their own rules and regulations regarding educational programs. But one thing which is common in all the states is the dual system of education which consists of theoretical and practical knowledge of the subjects. Here the universities pay a lot of attention on research work alongwith teaching.
Reforms in the German Education System
Furthermore, after the Bologna Agreement in 1999 where several European countries made a consensus to raise the standards of education in their institutions, the German degree programmes were replaced by a two tier programme. The first cycle is the Bachelor’s programmes and the second tier is the Master’s programmes. This dual system will enable the students to nurture their skills in order to meet the requirements of the employers worldwide.
With its ‘dual education system,’ resting on the principle of ‘unity of learning and research,’ and the emphasis on apprenticeship, the German higher education system has played an important role in shaping an economic environment wherein individual and collective responsibility, practicality and innovation are the drivers of change and progress. The combining of the theoretical and practical educations (with a strong emphasis on apprenticeship), makes German higher education institutions into settings where teaching and research not only cohabitate, but support each other up and act coherently and with cooperation.